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Karst.或紫芝Ganoderma sinense Zhao, Xu et Zhang的干燥子实体。主产于四川、浙江、江西、湖南等地。除野生外,现多为人工培育品种。全年可采收,除去杂质,剪除附有朽木,泥沙或培养基的下端菌柄,阴干或?0~50℃烘干?/div><div class='content'>       【药性】甘,平。归心、肺、肝、肾经?br>       【功效】补气安神,止咳平喘?br>       【应用?br>       1.心神不宁,失眠,惊悸。本品味甘性平,入心经,能补心血、益心气、安心神,故可用治气血不足、心神失养所致的心神不宁、失眠、惊悸、多梦、健忘、体倦神疲、食少等症。可单用研末吞服,或与当归、白芍、酸枣仁、柏子仁、龙眼肉等同用?br>       2.咳喘痰多。本品味甘能补,性平偏温,入肺经,补益肺气,温肺化痰,止咳平喘,常可治痰饮证,见形寒咳嗽、痰多气喘者,尤其对痰湿型或虚寒型疗效较好。可单用或与党参、五味子、干姜、半夏等益气敛肺,温阳化饮药同用?br>       3.虚劳证。本品有补养气血作用,故常用治虚劳短气、不思饮食、手足逆冷、或烦躁口干等症,常与山茱萸、人参、地黄等补虚药配伍,如紫芝丸(?a href='//www.ji1k3.cn/user/sjzl/index.htm' target='_blank' style='color:#154BA0;text-decoration:none;'>圣济总录</a>》)?br>       【用法用量】煎服,6?2g;研末吞?.5?g?br>       【古籍摘要?br>       1.?a href='//www.ji1k3.cn/user/snbcj/index.htm' target='_blank' style='color:#154BA0;text-decoration:none;'>神农本草?/a>》:“紫芝味甘温,主耳聋,利关节,保神益精,坚筋骨,好颜色,久服轻身不老延年。?br>       2.《药性论》:“保神益寿。?br>       3.?a href='//www.ji1k3.cn/user/bcgm/index.htm' target='_blank' style='color:#154BA0;text-decoration:none;'>本草纲目</a>》;“疗虚劳。?br>       【现代研究?br>       1.化学成分:本品含多糖、核苷类、呋喃类、甾醇类、生物碱、三萜类、油脂类、多种氨基酸及蛋白质类、酶类、有机锗及多种微量元素等?br>       2.药理作用:灵芝多糖具有免疫调节、降血糖、降血脂、抗氧化、抗衰老及抗肿瘤作用;三萜类化合物能净化血液,保护肝功能;灵芝多种制剂分别具有镇静、抗惊厥、强心、抗心律失常、降压、镇咳平喘作用;此外,灵芝还有抗凝血、抑制血小板聚集及抗过敏作用?br>       3.临床研究:据报道,口服灵芝糖浆,治疗更年期综合?1例,总有效率?0.4%(湖南中医杂志,2000?1:40)用紫灵?g,切片,文火久煎取浓汁,晨起空腹服或午饭?小时服,治疗阳痿36例,总有效率?3.94%(福建中医药?995?:15);用人工培养的灵芝制成子实体糖浆和孢子糖浆,治疗潜在型及慢性克山病100例,有效率为90%(中草药通讯?974?:54)另有用灵芝治疗冠心病、心律失常、慢性气管炎、病毒性肝炎、白细胞减少症等?br>       4.不良反应:口服灵芝无不良反应,但灵芝注射液有过敏反应,一般注?0~30分钟后,轻者有荨麻疹、心慌气短、胸闷、腹痛、胃痛、呕吐、喉头水肿,重者出现过敏性休克或过敏性脑炎?br>       </div> </div> <div style="padding:20px;"> <!-- tcm100_Content_Bottom --> <ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:336px;height:280px" data-ad-client="ca-pub-6536413627886269" data-ad-slot="7303963638"></ins> </div> </div> <div id="Nav"> <!-- <div class="Bar">每周图书推荐(中药类?/div> <div class="NavContent"> </div> --> <div class="Bar">资源导航</div> <div class="iwe"> <div 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style='font-weight:bold;'>第二十一?安神?/span><br><div style='font-family:仿宋_GB2312;font-weight:bold;color:#333333;padding-top:6px;padding-bottom:2px;margin:0px;'>第一?重镇安神?/div><span style='font-weight:normal;'><a href='zzZhongYao339.htm' style='color:#000000;text-decoration :none;'>朱砂</a></span> <span style='font-weight:normal;'><a href='zzZhongYao340.htm' style='color:#000000;text-decoration :none;'>磁石</a></span> <span style='font-weight:normal;'><a href='zzZhongYao341.htm' style='color:#000000;text-decoration :none;'>龙骨</a></span> <span style='font-weight:normal;'><a href='zzZhongYao342.htm' style='color:#000000;text-decoration :none;'>琥珀</a></span> <br><div style='font-family:仿宋_GB2312;font-weight:bold;color:#333333;padding-top:6px;padding-bottom:2px;margin:0px;'>第二?养心安神?/div><span style='font-weight:normal;'><a href='zzZhongYao343.htm' style='color:#000000;text-decoration :none;'>酸枣?/a></span> <span style='font-weight:normal;'><a href='zzZhongYao344.htm' 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