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class='position'>目录</a> > 第十?泻下?> 第一?攻下?> <span class='pageCurrent'>芦荟</span></span></div> </div> <div id="main"> <div id="content"> <div class="contentPosition"> <p style="FLOAT: left"><a id="HL_Pre" href="zzZhongYao106.htm">上一个:番泻?/a>   <a id="HL_MuLu" href="ZhongYaoXueMuLu.aspx">返回目录</a>   <a id="HL_Next" href="zzZhongYao108.htm">下一个:火麻?/a> </p> <p style="FLOAT:right;MARGIN-RIGHT:5px"> <a id="HL_Email" href="../../../PageSendEmail.aspx" target="_blank"><img src="//www.ji1k3.cn/images/email.gif" border="0"> 将本页发送Email到自己或他人的信?/a> </p> </div> <div class="clear"></div> <p><span id="LB_Info"><div class='title' style='font-size:18px;font-weight:bold;'>芦荟 <span style='font-weight:normal;'>Luhui</span></div><div class='ChuChu'>《药性论?/div></span></p> <div style="padding:30px;"> <!-- tcm100_Content_Top --> <ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:336px;height:280px" data-ad-client="ca-pub-6536413627886269" data-ad-slot="5827230435"></ins> </div> <div id="Panel_Article"> <div class='clear'></div><div class='imgTable'><table width='700' cellSpacing='1' cellPadding='0' align='center'><tr><td align='center' valign='bottom'><a href='//www.ji1k3.cn/Images_ZhongYaoXue/Luhui-YuanTai.jpg' target='blank'><img src='//www.ji1k3.cn/Images_ZhongYaoXue/Luhui-YuanTai-L.jpg' border='0' alt='芦荟-原?></a></td></tr><tr><td align='center' valign='bottom'>芦荟-原?/td></tr></table></div><div class='clear'></div><div class='miaoshu' style='font-family:楷体_GB2312;'>    为百合科植物库拉索芦荟Aloe barbadensis Miller.及好望角芦荟A.ferox Miller.的液质经浓缩的干燥物。前者主产于非洲北部及南美洲的西印度群岛,我国云南、广东、广西等地有栽培,药材称老芦荟,质量较好。后者主产于非洲南部地区,药材称新芦荟。全年可采,割取植物的叶片,收集流出的液质,置锅内熬成稠膏,倾入容器,冷却凝固,即得?/div><div class='content'>       【药性】苦,寒。归肝、胃、大肠经?br>       【功效】泻下通便,清肝,杀虫?br>       【应用?br>       1.热结便秘。本品苦寒降泄,既能泻下通便,又能清肝火,除烦热。治热结便秘,兼见心、肝火旺,烦躁失眠之证,常与朱砂同用,如更丸(《本草疏经》)?br>       2.烦燥惊痫。本品有较好的清肝火作用。用治肝经火盛的便秘溲赤、头晕头痛、烦燥易怒、惊痫抽搐等证,常与龙胆草、栀子、青黛等同用,如当归芦荟丸(《医学六书》)?br>       3.小儿疳积。本品能杀虫疗疳。用治虫积腹痛、面色萎黄、形瘦体弱的小儿疳积证,以芦荟与使君子等份为末,米饮调服;或配人参、白术等益气健脾之品,如<a href='//www.ji1k3.cn/user/JiaoCai/FangJiXue/zzFangJi201.htm' target='_blank' style='color:#154BA0;text-decoration:none;'>肥儿?/a>(?a href='//www.ji1k3.cn/user/yzjj/index.htm' target='_blank' style='color:#154BA0;text-decoration:none;'>医宗金鉴</a>》)?br>       此外,取其杀虫之效,可外用治疗癣疮?br>       【用法用量】入丸、散服,每次1?g。外用适量?br>       【使用注意】脾胃虚弱,食少便溏及孕妇忌用?br>       【古籍摘要?br>       1.《药性论》:“杀小儿疳蛔。主吹鼻杀脑疳,除鼻痒。?br>       2.《开宝本草》:“主热风烦闷,胸膈间热气,明目镇心,小儿癫痫惊风,疗五疳,杀三虫及痔病疮瘘,解巴豆毒。?br>       3.《本草汇言》:“卢会,凉肝杀虫之药也。凡属肝脏为病,有热者,用之必无疑也。但味极苦,气极寒,诸苦寒药无出其右者。其功力主消不主补,因内热气强者可用,如内虚泄泻食少者禁之。?br>       【现代研究?br>       1.化学成分:含芦荟大黄素苷、对香豆酸、少量?葡萄糖、多种氨基酸等。并含微量挥发油?br>       2.药理作用:芦荟蒽醌衍生物具有刺激性泻下作用,伴有显著腹痛和盆腔充血,严重时可引起肾炎。其提取物有抑制S180肉瘤和艾氏腹水癌的生长,并对离体蟾蜍心脏有抑制作用。水浸剂对多种皮肤真菌和人型结核杆菌有抑制作用?br>       3.临床研究:据报道,以芦荟研粉或制成浸膏可治疗多种肠胃疾病,用于多种细菌感染性疾病,可改善心血管系统功能,治疗糖尿病,并对痤疮有较好疗效(陕西中医函授2000??6)。国外报道,美国以芦荟为原料做成的食品为健身补品,饮用芦荟汁可以预防感冒及扁桃腺炎;日本、美国有人以芦荟制成芦荟膏对皮肤粗糙、雀斑、肿疮都有疗效?br>       4.不良反应:本品可引起局部接触性皮炎,并对肾脏有一定毒副作用?br>       </div> </div> <div style="padding:20px;"> <!-- 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